Lawren Sack's
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2016 and in press
Bartlett MK, Zhang Y, Yang J, Kriedle N, Sun S-W, Lin L, Hu Y-H, Cao K-F, Sack L. 2016. Drought tolerance
    as a driver of tropical forest assembly: resolving spatial signatures for multiple processes. Ecology, in press.
Chu C, Bartlett M, Wang Y, He F, Weiner J, Chave J, Sack L. 2016. Does climate directly influence NPP globally?
    Global Change Biology 22, 12-24. pdf; Supporting Information
Inman-Narahari F, Ostertag R, Hubbell S, Giardina C, Cordell S, Sack L. 2016. Density-dependent seedling mortality
    varies with light availability and species abundance in wet and dry Hawaiian forests. Journal of Ecology, in press.
Maréchaux I, Bartlett MK, Gaucher P, Sack L, Chave J. 2016. Causes of variation in leaf-level drought tolerance
    within an Amazonian forest. Journal of Plant Hydraulics. pdf; Supplemental Data
Zhang Y-J, Sack L, Goldstein G, Cao K-F. 2015. Hydraulic determination of leaf nutrient concentrations in cycads.
    Memoirs of The New York Botanical Garden, in press.
Anderson-Teixeira KJ, Davies SJ, Bennett AC, Gonzalez-Akrea EB, Muller-Landau HC, Wright SJ, Abu Salim K,
    Almeyda Zambrano AM, Alonso A, Baltzer JL, Basset Y, Bourg NA, Broadbent EN, Brockelman WY
    Bunyavejchewin S, Burslem DFRP, Butt N, Cao M, Cardenas D, Chuyong GB, Clay K, Cordell S, Dattaraja HS,
    Deng X, Detto M, Du X, Duque A, Erikson DL, Ewango CEN, Fischer GA, Fletcher C, Foster RB, Giardina CP,
    Gilbert GS, Gunatilleke N, Gunatilleke S, Hao Z, Hargrove WW, Hart TB Hau, BCH, He F, Hoffman FM,
    Howe RW, Hubbell SP, Inman-Narahari FM, Jansen PA, Jiang M, Johnson DJ, Kanzaki M, Kassim AR, Kenfack D,
    Kibet S, Kinnaird MF, Korte L, Kral K, Kumar J, Larson AJ, Li Y, Li X, Liu S, Lum SKY, Lutz JA, Ma K,
    Maddalena DM, Makana J-R, Malhi Y, Marthews T, Mat Serudin R, McMahon SM, McShea WJ, Memiaghe HR,
    Mi X, Mizono T, Morecroft M, Myers JA, Novotny V, de Oliveira AA, Ong PS, Orwig DA, Ostertag R, den Ouden J,
    Parker GG, Phillips RP, Sack L, Sainge MN, Sang W, Sri Ngernyuang K, Sukumar R, Sun, I-F, Sungpalee W,
    Suresh HS, Tan S, Thomas SC, Thomas DW, Thompson J, Turner BL, Uriarte M, Valencia R, Vallejo MI,
    Vicentini A, Vrska T, Wang X, Wang X, Weiblen G, Wolf A, Xu H, Yap S, Zimmerman J. 2015.
    CTFS-ForestGeo: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change. Global Change Biology,
    21, 528-549. pdf; Supporting Information
Buckley TN, John GP, Scoffoni C, Sack L. 2015. How does leaf anatomy influence water transport outside the xylem?
    Plant Physiology 168, 1616-1635. pdf
Caringella MA, Bongers FJ, Sack L. 2015. Leaf hydraulic conductance varies with vein anatomy across
    Arabidopsis thaliana wild-type and leaf vein mutants. Plant, Cell & Environment 38, 2735-2746.
    pdf; Supporting Information
Grubb PJ, Marañón T, Pugnaire FI, Sack L. 2015. Relationships between specific leaf area and leaf composition in
    succulent and non-succulent species of contrasting semi-desert communities in south-eastern Spain.
    Journal of Arid Environments 118, 69-83. pdf; Supporting Information
Maréchaux I, Bartlett M, Sack L, Baraloto C, Engel J, Joetzjer E, Chave J. 2015. Drought tolerance as predicted by
    leaf water potential at turgor loss point varies strongly across species within an Amazonian forest.
    Functional Ecology 29, 1268-1277. pdf; Supporting Information
Merkhofer L, Wilf P, Haas MT, Kooyman RM, Sack L, Scoffoni C, Cuneo NR. 2015. Resolving Australian analogs for an
    Eocene Patagonian paleorainforest using leaf size and floristics. American Journal of Botany 102, 1160-1173.
    pdf; Supporting Information  
Poorter H, Jagodziński A, Ruíz-Peinado R, Kuyah S, Luo Y, Oleksyn J, Usoltsev V, Buckley T, Reich PB, Sack L. 2015
    How does biomass allocation change with size and differ among species? An analysis for 1200 plant species
    from five continents. New Phytologist 208, 736-749. pdf; Supporting Information
Sack L, Scoffoni C, Johnson DM, Buckley TN, Brodribb TJ. 2015. The anatomical determinants of leaf hydraulic function.
    in Functional and Ecological Xylem Anatomy, pp. 255-271. ed. UG Hacke. Springer, New York. pdf
Scoffoni C, Kunkle J, Pasquet-Kok J, Vuong C, Patel A, Montgomery R, Givnish TJ, Sack L. 2015. Light-induced plasticity
    in leaf hydraulics, venation, anatomy and gas exchange in ecologically diverse Hawaiian lobeliads.
    New Phytologist 207, 43-58. pdf; Supporting Information
Scoffoni C, Sack L. 2015. Are leaves "freewheelin'"? Testing for a Wheeler-type effect in leaf xylem hydraulic decline.
    Plant, Cell & Environment 38, 534-543. pdf; Supporting Information
Zhang Y-J, Cao K-F, Sack L, Li N, Wei X-M, Goldstein G. 2015. Extending the generality of leaf economic design
    principles in the cycads, an ancient lineage. New Phytologist 206, 817-829. pdf; Supporting Information
Bartlett M, Zhang Y, Kreidler N, Sun S, Ardy R, Cao K-F, Sack L. 2014. Global analysis of plasticity in turgor loss point,
    a key drought tolerance trait. Ecology Letters 12, 1580-1590. pdf; Supporting Information
Cavaleri MA, Ostertag R, Cordell S, Sack L. 2014. Native trees show conservative water use relative to invasive:
    results from a removal experiment in a Hawaiian wet forest. Conservation Physiology 2, cou016. pdf
Creese C, Oberbauer S, Rundel P, Sack L. 2014. Are fern stomatal responses to different stimuli coordinated?
    Testing responses to light, vapor pressure deficit and CO2 for diverse species grown under contrasting
    irradiances. New Phytologist 204, 92-104. pdf; Supporting Information
Edwards E, Chatelet D, Garrison L, Sack L, Donoghue MJ. 2014. Leaf lifespan and the leaf economic spectrum in the
    context of whole plant architecture. Journal of Ecology 102, 328-336. pdf
Granda E, Scoffoni C, Rubio-Casal AE, Sack L, Valladares F. 2014. Leaf and stem physiological responses to summer
    and winter extremes of woody species across temperate ecosystems. Oikos 123, 1281-1290. pdf; Appendix
Inman-Narahari F, Ostertag R, Asner GP, Cordell S, Hubbell SP, Sack L. 2014. Trade-offs in seedling growth and
    survival within and across tropical forest microhabitats. Ecology and Evolution, doi: 10.1002/ece3.1196.
    pdf; Supporting Information
Moles AT, Perkins SE, Laffan SW, Flores-Moreno H, Awasthy M, Tindall ML, Sack L, Pitman A, Kattge J, Aarssen LW,
    Anand M, Bahn M, and 36 others. 2014. Which is a better predictor of plant traits: temperature or precipitation?
    Journal of Vegetation Science 25, 1167-1180. pdf
Ostertag R, Inman-Narahari F, Cordell S, Giardina CP, Sack L. 2014. Forest structure in low-diversity tropical forests:
    a study of Hawaiian wet and dry forests. PLoS ONE 9: e103268. pdf
Pivovaroff AL, Santiago LS, Sack L. 2014. Coordination of stem and leaf hydraulic conductance in southern California
    shrubs: a test of the hydraulic segmentation hypothesis. New Phytologist 203: 842-850. pdf
Pivovaroff A, Sharifi R, Scoffoni C, Sack L, Rundel P. 2014. Making the best of the worst of times: traits underlying the
    combined shade and drought tolerance of Ruscus aculeatus and R. microglossum (Asparagaceae).
    Functional Plant Biology 41, 11-24. pdf
Sack L, Caringella M, Scoffoni C, Mason C, Rawls M, Markesteijn L, Poorter L. 2014. Leaf vein length per unit area
    is not intrinsically dependent on image magnification: avoiding measurement artifacts for accuracy and precision.
    Plant Physiology 166, 829-838. pdf
Sack L, Scoffoni C, John GP, Poorter H, Mason CM, Mendez-Alonzo R, Donovan LA. 2014. Leaf mass per area is
    independent of vein length per area: avoiding pitfalls when modeling phenotypic integration
    (reply to Blonder, Violle, Bentley and Enquist, 2014). Journal of Experimental Botany 65, 5115-5123. pdf
Scoffoni C, Vuong C, Diep S, Cochard H, Sack L. 2014. Leaf shrinkage with dehydration: coordination with
    hydraulic vulnerability and drought tolerance. Plant Physiology 164, 1772-1788. pdf; Supplemental Data
Chatelet DS, Clement WL, Sack L, Donoghue MJ, Edwards EJ. 2013. The evolution of photosynthetic anatomy in
    Viburnum (Adoxaceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 174, 1277-1291. pdf; Supplements
Cooke SJ, Sack L, Franklin CE, Farrell AP, Beardall J, Wikelski M, Chown SL. 2013. What is conservation physiology?
  perspectives on an increasingly integrated and essential science. Conservation Physiology 1, 1. pdf
Flexas J, Scoffoni C, Gago J, Sack L. 2013. Leaf mesophyll conductance and leaf hydraulic conductance:
    an introduction to their measurement and coordination. Journal of Experimental Botany 64: 3965-3981.
    pdf; Supplementary Data
Funk JL, Glenwinkel LA, Sack L. 2013. Differential allocation to photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic nitrogen
    fractions among native and invasive species. PLoS ONE 8, e64502. pdf
Hao G, Wang A-Y, Sack L, Goldstein G, Cao K-F. 2013. Is hemiepiphytism an adaptation to high irradiance?
    Testing seedling responses to light levels and drought in hemiepiphytic and non-hemiepiphytic Ficus.
    Physiologia Plantarum 148, 74-86. pdf
Inman-Narahari F, Ostertag R, Cordell S, Giardina CP, Nelson-Kaula K, Sack L. 2013. Seedling recruitment factors in
    low diversity Hawaiian wet forest: towards global comparisons among tropical forests. Ecosphere 4, 24. pdf
John GP, Scoffoni C, Sack L. 2013. Allometry of cells and tissues within leaves. American Journal of Botany 100:
    1936-1948. pdf; Supplementary Data
Li, S, Zhang Y-J, Sack L, Scoffoni C, Ishida A, Chen Y-J, Cao K-F. 2013. The heterogeneity and spatial patterning of
    structure and physiology across the leaf surface in giant leaves of Alocasia macrorriza. PLoS ONE 8, e66016. pdf
Locke AM, Sack L, Bernacchi CJ, Ort DR. 2013. Soybean leaf hydraulic conductance does not acclimate to growth
    at elevated [CO2] or temperature in growth chambers or in the field. Annals of Botany 112: 911-918.
    pdf; Supplementary Data
Mendez-Alonzo R, Ewers F, Sack L. 2013. Ecological variation in leaf biomechanics and its scaling with tissue
    structure across three mediterranean-climate plant communities. Functional Ecology 27, 544-554.
    pdf; Supporting Information
Pérez-Harguindeguy N, Díaz S, Garnier E, Lavorel S, Poorter H, Jaureguiberry P, Bret-Harte MS, Cornwell WK,
  Craine JM, Gurvich DE, Urcelay C, Veneklaas EJ, Reich PB, Poorter L, Wright IJ, Ray P, Enrico L, Pausas JG,
  de Vos AC, Buchmann N, Funes G, Quétier F, Hodgson JG, Thompson K, Morgan HD, ter Steege H, van der
  Heijden MGA, Sack L, Blonder B, Poschlod P, Vaieretti MV, Conti G, Stager AC, Aquino S, Cornelissen JHC.
  2013. New handbook for standardised measurement of plant functional traits worldwide.
  Australian Journal of Botany 61, 167-234. pdf; Supplementary Material
Sack L. 2013. Holding a leaf up to the light. Review of 'The Life of a Leaf' by S. Vogel. BioScience 63, 981-982. pdf
Sack L, Scoffoni C. 2013. Tansley Review. Leaf venation: structure, function, development, evolution, ecology
  and applications in past, present and future. New Phytologist 198, 983-1000. pdf; Supporting Information
Sack L, Scoffoni C, John GP, Poorter H, Mason CM, Mendez-Alonzo R, Donovan LA. 2013. How do leaf veins influence
  the worldwide leaf economic spectrum? Review and synthesis. Journal of Experimental Botany 64: 4053-4080.
  pdf; Supplementary Data
Bartlett M, Scoffoni C, Sack L. 2012. The determinants of leaf turgor loss point and prediction of drought tolerance
    of species and biomes: a global meta-analysis. Ecology Letters 15, 393-405. pdf; Supporting Information
Bartlett M, Scoffoni C, Ardy R, Zhang Y, Sun S, Cao K, Sack L. 2012. Rapid determination of comparative drought
    tolerance traits: using an osmometer to predict turgor loss point. Methods in Ecology and Evolution: 3, 880-888.
    pdf; Supporting Information
Guyot G, Scoffoni C, Sack L. 2012. Combined impacts of irradiance and dehydration on leaf hydraulic conductance:
  insights into vulnerability and stomatal control. Plant, Cell & Environment 35, 857-871. pdf
Melcher PJ, Holbrook NM, Burns MJ, Zwieniecki MA, Cobb AR, Brodribb TJ, Choat B, Sack L. 2012. Measurement of
stem xylem hydraulic conductivity in the laboratory and field. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 3, 685-694.
  pdf; Supporting Information
Osborne CP, Sack L. 2012. Evolution of C4 plants: a new hypothesis for an interaction of CO2 and water relations
  mediated by plant hydraulics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  367, 583-600. pdf; Data Supplement
Poorter H, Sack L. 2012. Pitfalls and possibilities in the analysis of biomass allocation patterns in plants.
  Frontiers in Plant Science: 3, 259. pdf; Supplementary Material
Sack L, Scoffoni C. 2012. Measurement of leaf hydraulic conductance and stomatal conductance and their responses
    to irradiance and dehydration using the evaporative flux method (EFM). Journal of Visualized Experiments.
    pdf; Movie
Sack L, Scoffoni C, McKown AD, Frole K, Rawls M, Havran JC, Tran H, Tran T. 2012. Developmentally based scaling
    of leaf venation architecture explains global ecological patterns. Nature Communications 3: 837.
    pdf; Supporting Information  
Schmerler S, Clement WL, Beaulieu JM, Chatelet D, Sack L, Donoghue MJ, Edwards EJ. 2012. Evolution of leaf form
  correlates with tropical-temperate transitions in Viburnum (Adoxaceae). Proceedings of the Royal Society B:
  Biological Sciences, 279, 3905-3913. pdf; Data Supplement
Scoffoni C, McKown A, Rawls M, Sack L. 2012. Dynamics of leaf hydraulic conductance with water status:
    quantification and analysis of species differences under steady-state. Journal of Experimental Botany 63,
    643-658. pdf; Supplementary Data
Sommerville KE, Sack L, Ball MC. 2012. Hydraulic conductance of Acacia phyllodes (leaves) is driven by primary
  nerve (vein) conductance and density. Plant, Cell & Environment 35, 158-168. pdf; Supporting Information
Buckley TN, Sack L, Gilbert ME. 2011. The role of bundle sheath extensions and life form in stomatal responses
  to leaf water status. Plant Physiology 156, 962-973. pdf; Supplemental Data
Choat B, Medek DE, Stuart SA, Pasquet-Kok J, Egerton JJG, Salari H, Sack L, Ball MC. 2011. Xylem traits mediate a
    trade-off between resistance to freeze/thaw-induced embolism and photosynthetic capacity in
    over-wintering evergreens. New Phytologist 191, 996-1005. pdf
Creese C, Lee A, Sack L. 2011. Drivers of morphological diversity and distribution in the Hawaiian fern flora:
  trait associations with size, growth form and environment. American Journal of Botany 98, 956-966.
  pdf; Supplementary Data
Gaoue O, Sack L, Ticktin T. 2011. Human impacts on leaf economics in heterogeneous landscapes: the effect of
  harvesting non-timber forest products from African mahogany across habitats and climates.
  Journal of Applied Ecology 48, 844-852. pdf; Supporting Information
Hao G-Y, Goldstein G, Sack L, Holbrook NM, Liu Z-H, Wang A-Y, Harrison RD, Su Z-H, Cao K-F. 2011.
  Ecology of hemi-epiphytism in fig species is based on evolutionary correlation of hydraulics and carbon
  economy. Ecology 92, 2117-2130.  pdf; Appendices online
Kattge J, Díaz S, Lavorel S, Prentice IC, Leadley P, Bönisch G, Garnier E, Westoby M, Reich PB, Wright IJ,
    Cornelissen JHC, Violle C, Harrison SP, van Bodegom PM, Reichstein M, Enquist BJ, Soudzilovskaia NA,
    Ackerly DD, Anand M, Atkin O, Bahn M, Baker TR, Baldocchi D, Bekker R, Blanco CC, Blonder B, Bond W,
    Bradstock R, Bunker DE, Casanoves F, Cavender-Bares J, Chambers JQ, Chapin FS III, Chave J, Coomes D,
    Cornwell WK, Craine JM, Dobrin BH, Duarte L, Durka W, Elser J, Esser G, Estiarte M, Fagan WF, Fang J,
    Fernández-Méndez F, Fidelis A, Finegan B, Flores O, Ford H, Frank D, Freschet GT, Fyllas NM, Gallagher R,
    Green WA, Gutierrez AG, Hickler T, Higgins S, Hodgson JG, Jalili A, Jansen J, Joly C, Kerkhoff AJ, Kirkup D,
    Kitajima K, Kleyer M, Klotz S, Knops JMH, Kramer K, Kühn I, Kurokawa H, Laughlin D, Lee TD, Leishman M,
    Lens F, Lenz T, Lewis SL, Lloyd J, Llusià J, Louault F, Ma S, Mahecha MD, Manning P, Massad T, Medlyn B,
    Messier J, Moles A, Müller SC, Nadrowski K, Naeem S, Niinemets Ü, Nöllert S, Nüske A, Ogaya R, Oleksyn J,
    Onipchenko VG, Onoda Y, Ordoñez J, Overbeck G, Ozinga W, Patiño S, Paula S, Pausas JG, Peñuelas J,
    Phillips OL, Pillar V, Poorter H, Poorter L, Poschlod P, Prinzing A, Proulx R, Rammig A, Reinsch S, Reu B, Sack L,
    Salgado-Negret B, Sardans J, Shiodera S, Shipley B, Siefert A, Sosinski E, Sousssana J-F, Swaine E, Swenson N,
    Thompson K, Thornton P, Waldram M, Weiher E, White M, Wright SJ, Yguel B, Zaehle S, Zanne AE, Wirth C.
    2011. TRY: a global database of plant traits. Global Change Biology 17, 2905-2935. pdf;
    Supporting Information
Markesteijn L, Poorter L, Paz H, Bongers F, Sack L. 2011. Hydraulics and life-history of tropical dry forest tree
    species: coordination of species' drought and shade tolerance. New Phytologist 191, 480-495. pdf
Markesteijn L, Poorter L, Paz H, Sack L, Bongers F. 2011. Ecological differentiation in xylem cavitation resistance
  is associated with stem and leaf structural traits. Plant, Cell & Environment 34, 137-148. pdf
Scoffoni C, Rawls M, McKown A, Cochard H, Sack L. 2011. Decline of leaf hydraulic conductance with dehydration:
  relationship to leaf size and venation architecture. Plant Physiology 156, 832-843. pdf; Supplemental Data
Sellin A, Sack L, Õunapuu E, Karusion A. 2011. Impact of light quality on leaf and shoot hydraulic properties:
    a case study in silver birch (Betula pendula). Plant, Cell & Environment 34, 1079-1087. pdf
Waite M, Sack L. 2011. Does global stoichiometric theory apply to bryophytes? Tests across an elevation × soil age
  ecosystem matrix on Mauna Loa, Hawaii. Journal of Ecology 99, 122-134. pdf; Supporting Information
Waite M, Sack L. 2011. Shifts in bryophyte carbon isotope ratio across an elevation × soil age matrix on
  Mauna Loa, Hawaii: do bryophytes behave like vascular plants? Oecologia 166, 11-22. pdf;
  Supplementary Material
Brodribb TJ, Feild TS, Sack L. 2010. Viewing leaf structure and evolution from a hydraulic perspective.
    Functional Plant Biology 37: 488-498. pdf
Cavaleri MA, Sack L. 2010. Comparative water use of native and invasive plants at multiple scales: a global
  meta-analysis. Ecology 91: 2705-2715. pdf; Appendices online
Hao G-Y, Sack L, Wang A-Y, Cao K-F, Goldstein G. 2010. Differentiation of leaf water flux and drought tolerance
    traits in hemiepiphytic and non-hemiepiphytic Ficus tree species. Functional Ecology 24: 731-740.
    pdf; Supporting Information
Inman-Narahari F, Giardina C, Ostertag R, Cordell S, Sack L. 2010. Digital data collection in forest dynamics plots.
    Methods in Ecology and Evolution 1: 274-279. pdf; Supporting Information
McKown AD, Cochard H, Sack L. 2010. Decoding leaf hydraulics with a spatially explicit model: principles of
  venation architecture and implications for its evolution. American Naturalist 175: 447-460. pdf; Appendix
Pasquet-Kok J, Creese C, Sack L. 2010. Turning over a new "leaf": multiple functional significances of leaves
  versus phyllodes in Hawaiian Acacia koa. Plant, Cell & Environment 33, 2084-2100. pdf; Supporting Information
Sack L, Cornwell WK, Santiago LS, Barbour MM, Choat B, Evans JR, Munns R, Nicotra A. 2010. A unique web
  resource for physiology, ecology and the environmental sciences: PrometheusWiki.
  Functional Plant Biology 387: 687-693. pdf; PrometheusWiki Website
Waite M, Sack L. 2010. How does moss photosynthesis relate to leaf and canopy structure? Trait relationships for
  ten Hawaiian species of contrasting light habitats. New Phytologist 185: 156-172. pdf; Supplementary Material
Coomes DA, Sack L. 2009. Response to "Comment on Coomes et al. 2008, 'Scaling of xylem vessels and veins
    within the leaves of oak species' by CA Price and BJ Enquist". Biology Letters. pdf  
Dunbar-Co S, Sporck MJ, Sack L. 2009. Leaf trait diversification and design in seven rare taxa of the Hawaiian
  Plantago radiation. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 61-75. pdf; Supplementary Material
Kagawa AK, Sack L, Duarte K, James S. 2009. Hawaiian native forest conserves water relative to timber plantation:
  species and stand traits influence water use. Ecological Applications 19: 1429-1443. pdf
Arcand N, Kagawa AK, Sack L, Giambelluca TW. 2008. Scaling of frond form in Hawaiian tree fern
  Cibotium glaucum: compliance with global trends, and application for field estimation.  Biotropica 40,
  686-691. pdf; Supplementary Material
Coomes DA, Heathcote S, Godfrey ER, Shepherd JJ, Sack L.  2008.  Scaling of xylem vessels and veins within the
    leaves of oak species.  Biology Letters 4, 302-306. pdf; Supplementary Material
Hoof J, Sack L, Webb DT, Nilsen ET.  2008.  Contrasting structure and function of pubescent and glabrous
  varieties of Hawaiian Metrosideros polymorpha at high elevation. Biotropica 40, 113-118. pdf
Pratt RB, Jacobsen AL, North GB, Sack L, Schenk HJ. 2008. Plant hydraulics: new discoveries in the pipeline.
    Meeting Report. New Phytologist 179, 590-593. pdf
Quero JL, Villar R, Marañón T, Zamora R, Vega D, Sack L. 2008. Relating leaf photosynthetic rate to
    whole plant growth: drought and shade effects on seedlings of four Quercus species.  
    Functional Plant Biology 35,725-737. pdf; Supplementary Material
Sack L, Dietrich EM, Streeter CM, Sánchez-Gómez D, Holbrook NM.  2008.  Leaf palmate venation and vascular
  redundancy confer tolerance of hydraulic disruption. Proceedings of the National Academy of
  Sciences USA 105, 1567-1572. pdf; Supporting Information Online
Scoffoni C, Pou A, Aasamaa K, Sack L. 2008. The rapid light response of leaf hydraulic conductance: new evidence
  from two experimental methods. Plant, Cell & Environment 13, 1803-1812. pdf
Cavender-Bares J, Sack L, Savage J. 2007. Atmospheric and soil drought reduce nocturnal conductance in
    live oaks.  Tree Physiology 27, 611-620. pdf
Choat B, Sack L, Holbrook NM. 2007. Diversity of hydraulic traits in nine Cordia species growing in
    tropical forests with contrasting precipitation. New Phytologist 175, 686-698. pdf
Cornwell WK, Bhaskar R, Sack L, Cordell S, Lunch C. 2007. Adjustment of structure and function
    of Hawaiian Metrosideros polymorpha at high versus low precipitation. Functional Ecology
    21, 1063-1071. pdf
Martin RE, Asner GP, Sack L. 2007. Genetic variation in leaf pigment, optical and photosynthetic function
    among diverse phenotypes of Metrosideros polymorpha grown in a common garden. Oecologia 151, 387-400. pdf
Royer DL, Sack L, Wilf P, Lusk CH, Jordan GJ, Niinemets Ü, Wright IJ, Westoby M, Cariglino B, Coley PD,
    Cutter AD, Johnson KR, Labandeira CC, Moles AT, Palmer MB, Valladares F. 2007.
    Fossil leaf economics quantified: calibration, Eocene case study, and implications. Paleobiology 33,
    574-589. pdf
Niinemets Ü, Sack L. 2006. Structural determinants of leaf light harvesting capacity and photosynthetic
    potentials. Progress in Botany, Vol 67. Springer Verlag, Berlin, 385-419.  pdf
Sack L, Frole K. 2006. Leaf structural diversity is related to hydraulic capacity in tropical rainforest trees.
  Ecology 87, 483-491.  pdf; Appendices online  
Sack L, Holbrook NM. 2006. Leaf hydraulics. Annual Review of Plant Biology 57, 361-381.  pdf
Sack L, Melcher PJ, Liu WH, Middleton E, Pardee T. 2006. How strong is intra-canopy leaf plasticity in temperate
  deciduous trees? American Journal of Botany 93, 829-839. pdf
Nakahashi C, Frole K, Sack L. 2005. Bacterial leaf nodule symbiosis in Ardisia (Myrsinaceae): does it contribute
    to seedling growth capacity? Plant Biology 7, 495-500. pdf  
Orians CM, Smith SDP, Sack L. 2005. How are leaves plumbed inside a branch? Differences in leaf-to-leaf
  hydraulic sectoriality among six temperate tree species. Journal of Experimental Botany 56, 2267-2273. pdf
Sack L, Tyree MT, Holbrook NM. 2005. Leaf hydraulic architecture correlates with regeneration irradiance
  in tropical rainforest trees. New Phytologist 167, 403-413. pdf
Sack L,Tyree MT. 2005. Leaf hydraulics and its implications in plant structure and function. In Vascular


Transport in Plants. eds NM Holbrook and MA Zwieniecki. Elsevier/Academic Press, Oxford, 93-114.  pdf
Tyree MT, Nardini A, Salleo S, Sack L, El Omari B. 2005. The dependence of leaf hydraulic conductance on
irradiance during HPFM measurements: any role for stomatal response? Journal of Experimental Botany
56, 737-744. pdf

Angeles G, Bond B, Boyer JS, Brodribb T, Brooks JR, Burns MJ, Cavender-Bares J, Clearwater M, Cochard H,
Comstock J, Davis SD, Domec J-C, Donovan L, Ewers F, Gartner B, Hacke U, Hinckley T, Holbrook NM,      
Jones HG, Kavanagh K, Law B, López-Portillo J, Lovisolo C, Martin T, Martínez-Vilalta J, Mayr S, Meinzer      
FC, Melcher P, Mencuccini M, Mulkey S, Nardini A, Neufeld HS, Passioura J, Pockman WT, Pratt RB, Rambal      
S, Richter H, Sack L, Salleo S, Schubert A, Schulte P, Sparks JP, Sperry J, Teskey R, Tyree M. 2004. Letter:      
The cohesion-tension theory. New Phytologist 163, 451-452. pdf
Sack L. 2004. Responses of temperate woody seedlings to shade and drought: do trade-offs limit potential
  niche differentiation? Oikos 107, 110-127. pdf
Sack L, Streeter CM, Holbrook NM. 2004. Hydraulic analysis of water flow through leaves of sugar maple and
red oak. Plant Physiology 134, 1824-1833. pdf




Sack L, Cowan PD, Holbrook NM. 2003. The major veins of mesomorphic leaves revisited: testing for conductive

    overload in Acer saccharum (Aceraceae) and Quercus rubra (Fagaceae). American Journal of Botany 90:  
32-39. pdf
Sack L, Cowan PD, Jaikumar NJ, Holbrook NM. 2003. The ‘hydrology’ of leaves: coordination of structure and
function in temperate woody species. Plant, Cell & Environment 26, 1343-1356. pdf
Sack L, Dechmann D. 2003. Design of paradise. Review of ‘A Magic Web’ by EG Leigh and C Ziegler. Nature 424,
132. pdf
Sack L, Grubb, PJ. 2003. Crossovers in seedling relative growth rates between low and high irradiance:
  analyses and ecological potential. Functional Ecology 17, 281-287. pdf
Sack L, Grubb PJ, Marañón T. 2003. The functional morphology of juvenile plants tolerant of strong summer
drought in shaded forest understories in southern Spain. Plant Ecology 168, 139-163. pdf

Sack L, Grubb PJ. 2002. The combined impacts of deep shade and drought on the growth and biomass
allocation of shade tolerant woody seedlings. Oecologia 131: 175-185. pdf
Sack L, Marañón T, Grubb, PJ. 2002. Global allocation rules for patterns of biomass partitioning. Science 296:
1923a. pdf
Sack L, Melcher PJ, Zwieniecki MA, Holbrook NM. 2002. The hydraulic conductance of the angiosperm leaf
lamina: a comparison of three measurement methods. Journal of Experimental Botany 53: 2177-2184. pdf
Zwieniecki MA, Melcher PJ, Boyce CK, Sack L, Holbrook NM. 2002. The hydraulic architecture of the leaf venation
in Laurus nobilis L. Plant, Cell & Environment 25: 1445-1450. pdf




Sack L, Grubb PJ. 2001. Why do species of woody seedlings change rank in relative growth rate between low

and high irradiance? Functional Ecology 15: 145-154. pdf




Sack L, Zeyl C, Bell G, Sharbel T, Reboud X, Bernhardt T, Koelewyn H. 1994. Isolation of four new strains of

Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Chlorophyta) from soil samples. Journal of Phycology 30, 770-773. pdf
Published Protocols
Sack L, Bartlett M, Creese C, Guyot G, Scoffoni C, PrometheusWiki contributors. "Constructing and operating a
hydraulics flow meter", PrometheusWiki. 31 August 2011. link
Sack L, Chatelet DS, Scoffoni C, PrometheusWiki contributors. "Estimating the mesophyll surface area per leaf area
  from leaf cell and tissue dimensions measured from transverse cross-sections", PrometheusWiki. 28 June 2013. link
Sack L, Pasquet-Kok J, PrometheusWiki contributors. "Leaf pressure-volume curve parameters",
PrometheusWiki. 30 June 2010. link
Sack L, Scoffoni C, PrometheusWiki contributors. "Minimum epidermal conductance (gmin, a.k.a. cuticular conductance)",
PrometheusWiki,  28 May 2010. link
Scoffoni C, Sack L, PrometheusWiki contributors. "Quantifying leaf vein traits", PrometheusWiki. 20 May 2011. link
Recommendations / Commentaries / Podcasts
Isabelle Maréchaux. 2015. Podcast: interview with Alan Knapp, Functional Ecology. mp3
Sylvain Delzon. 2015. New insight into leaf drought tolerance. On Maréchaux et al. (2015) Functional Ecology
    Functional Ecology 29, 1247-1249. pdf
Timothy J. Brodribb. 2015. Bringing anatomy back into the equation. On Buckley, John, Scoffoni & Sack (2015)
    Plant Physiology article. Plant Physiology 168, 1461. pdf
Editor's Choice. On Granda et al. (2014) Oikos article. Oikos. link
Kirk Moloney. 2012. On Kattge et al. (2012) Global Change Biology article. Faculty of 1000. pdf
Joseph Craine. 2011. On Scoffoni et al. (2011) Plant Physiology article. Faculty of 1000. pdf
David J. Beerling and Peter J. Franks. 2010. News & Views: The hidden cost of transpiration. On McKown,
  Cochard & Sack (2010) American Naturalist article. Nature 464, 495-496. pdf
Mark Lonsdale and Hazel Ruth Parry. 2010. On Cavaleri & Sack (2010) Ecology article. Faculty of 1000. pdf
Rana Munns. 2010. Editorial: New ventures in scientific publication. On Sack et al.(2010) Functional Plant Biology
  article. Functional Plant Biology 37: 687-693. pdf
Michael C. F. Proctor. 2010. Commentary: Trait correlations in bryophytes: exploring an alternative world. On
  Waite & Sack (2010) New Phytologist article. New Phytologist 185: 1-3. pdf
Evan DeLucia. 2008. On Sack et al. (2008) PNAS article. Faculty of 1000. pdf  
Peter Reich. 2008. On Choat, Sack & Holbrook (2007) New Phytologist article. Faculty of 1000. pdf
Guy Riddihough. 2007. Editor's Choice. On Royer et al. (2007) Paleobiology article. Science 318: 1219. pdf
Impact of our Research on Policy
Department of Land and Natural Resources, State of Hawaii. 2011. Report: "The rain follows the forest:
  a plan to replenish Hawaii's source of water. pdf
In the News !
"UC faculty rank first among Highly Cited Researchers", news release by University of California,
    27 January 2016.
"29 UCLA faculty on Thomson Reuters 'most cited' list for influential scholarship", news release by UCLA,
    25 January 2016. Covered by UCLA Life Sciences
The World's Most Influential Scientific Minds 2015. Thomson-Reuters. pdf
"Quantifying the impact of climate on ecosystems worldwide", news release by UCLA, 8 October 2015
    Covered by UCLA Life Sciences,, EurekAlert (American Association for the Advancement of Science),
    Science and Technology Research News,, MyScience.
"Plants have little wiggle room to survive drought, UCLA life scientists report", news release by UCLA,
    13 November 2014. Covered by UCLA Life Sciences,, R&D, SpaceDaily, Innovations Report,
    ScienceCodex, Sci Guru, TerraDaily, Seed Quest, Yuba Net, Sierra Sun Times.
"The secret math of plants: UCLA biologists uncover rules that govern leaf design", news release by UCLA,
    30 October 2013, on John et al. (2013). Covered by ScienceDaily, RedOrbit, PhysOrg,
    EurekAlert (American Assoc. for the Advancement of Science), UCLA Life Sciences, EIN News, BruinsNation.
"UCLA research makes possible rapid assessment of plant drought tolerance", news release by UCLA, 26 July 2012,
    on Bartlett et al. (2012). Covered by ScienceDaily, PhysOrg, National Science Foundation Science 360 News,
    RedOrbit, EurekAlert (American Assoc. for the Advancement of Science), EScience News, Science Codex,
    California Farmer, Mid-South Farmer.
"Hacking code of leaf vein architecture solves mysteries, allows predictions of past climate", news release by UCLA
    22 May 2012, on Sack et al. (2012). Covered by the Los Angeles Times, Le Monde (France),
    ScienceDaily,, Pour La Science (France), RedOrbit, ScienceBlog, TerraDaily, SciTechDaily,
    EurekAlert (American Assoc. for the Advancement of Science), E Science News, UC Newsroom.
"Which plants will survive droughts, climate change?", news release by UCLA, 5 April 2012, on Bartlett et al. (2012).
  Covered by The Atlantic Wire, Environmental Protection, Science360, ScienceDaily, PhysOrg, EcoFriend,
  EarthSky, Environmental News Network.
"Dry Conditions Spurred Advanced Photosynthesis", news release by Natural Environment Research Council UK
  2 Feb. 2012, on Osborne & Sack (2012). Covered by PhysOrg.
"Being Small has its Advantages, if You are a Leaf", news release by UCLA, 5 July 2011, on Scoffoni et al. (2011).
  Covered by USA Today, USA Today Science Blog, Science et Vie, U.S. News & World Report, NSF News,
  California Farmer, Science360, ScienceDaily, RedOrbit, PhysOrg, American Society of Plant Biology online,
  UC Newsroom
"Global plant database set to promote biodiversity research and earth-system sciences", news release by Max Planck
  Institute for Biogeochemistry, 5 July 2011, on Kattge et al. (2011). Covered by ScienceDaily,
"Exotic Timber Plantations Found To Use More Than Twice the Water of Native Forests", press release by the
  Ecological Society of America, 15 September 2009, on Kagawa et al.2009. Covered by ScienceDaily, RedOrbit.
"What is Leaf Hydraulics?", Lawren Sack interview, ThinkTech Hawaii, Hawaii Public Radio, 7 June 2006.
"UH Teacher to Study Leaf Hydraulics", Pacific Business News, 22 May 2006.  
"Water in Peril", Malamalama, May 2005, beginning on p. 11.